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Table 1 Demographic Characteristics and Surgical Approach

From: A comparison between barbed suture and conventional suture in total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Included Trialstype studycountrytotalGender (F/M)Age (years)BMI (kg/m2)Surgical ApproachClinical Outcomes
TCTCTC  
Eickmann, 2010 [13]retrospective studyUSA17854/3256/2367.6 ± 1068 ± 9.7NNN2, 3, 4
Jeremy, 2012 [4]retrospective studyUSA19166/3255/3061 ± 1163 ± 1132 ± 733 ± 7medial parapatellar3, 4
Nicholas, 2012 [12]RCTUSA35N*N*N*N*N*N*N2
Jeremy, 2014 [11]RCTUSA394114/77126/7764 ± 1063 ± 1033 ± 833 ± 8medial parapatellar2, 3, 5, 6
Eric, 2014 [10]RCTUSA185/55/359.2 (37–82)70.6 (58–86)37.7 (25.5–42.7)30.1 (22.7–44.4)medial parapatellar1, 3, 4
Alexander, 2015 [8]RCTUSA10029/2129/2168.1 ± 8.568.1 ± 8.530.1 ± 4.630.1 ± 4.6medial parapatellar1, 2, 5, 6, 7,8
Aditya, 2015 [9]retrospective studyUSA19093/2259/1665 ± 961 ± 834 ± 6.434.3 ± 7.1medial parapatellar4
Chan, 2017 [15]RCTChina10946/947/770.5 ± 8.270.4 ± 8.926.8 ± 1.226.5 ± 3.9N2, 7, 8
Rajesh, 2017 [16]RCTIndia17059/2170/2063.1 ± 8.860 ± 10.2NNmedial parapatellar1, 2, 4, 5, 6
Li, 2019 [14]RCTChina7630/830/843.76 (22–70)43.76 (22–70)23.78 ± 2.9823.78 ± 2.98medial parapatellar1, 2
Carlo, 2019 [17]RCTSpain8561.4%/38.6%68.3% /31.7%73.8 ± 7.574.2 ± 8.230.6 ± 4.630.2 ± 5N2, 4, 5
Total  1546        
  1. T, barbed suture group; C, traditional Suture group; N, not informed
  2. 1, capsule suture time (min); 2, Superficial infection; 3, Deep infection; 4, dehiscence; 5, Suture breakage; 6, Needle stick; 7, Hospital for Special Surgery score; 8, knee society score; *, The authors did not mention the data of TKA separately