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Table 1 Characteristics of 7 studies

From: Effect of tourniquet application on cement penetration in primary total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis

Study Groups Patients (n) M/F Mean age
(y)
BMI Knee
(right/left)
Cement (g) Cement manufacturers Tourniquet pressure (mmHg)
Pfitzner 2014 [5] Tourniquet 45 21/24 69.3 (47–85) 27.8 (18.5–38.1) NA 40 Palacos R®; Heraeus 350
Non-tourniquet 45 11/34 70.5 (50–90) 26 (18.5–33.9) NA
Vertullo 2017 [14] Tourniquet 20 10/10 67.85 ± 6.91 30.43 ± 5.07 10/10 80 Palacos R + G; Zimmer 300
Non-tourniquet 20 11/9 65.65 ± 8.54 31 ± 5.31 13/7
Ozkunt 2018 [15] Tourniquet 24 NA 65.05 (52–81) NA NA NA OrCem 3; European Medical NA
Non-tourniquet 25 NA 65.05 (52–81) NA NA
Jawhar 2018 [17] Tourniquet 43 16/27 70 ± 6.8 31.9 ± 5.7 18/25 40 SmartSet; DePuySynthes 360
Non-tourniquet 43 16/27 71 ± 6.8 31.9 ± 5.7 26/17
Touzopoulos 2019 [18] Tourniquet 50 42/8 70.73 ± 6.56 31.04 ± 5.43 NA 20 Palacos R + G®; Heraeus 350
Non-tourniquet 50 42/8 69.92 ± 6.89 31.12 ± 3.95 NA
Herndon 2019 [19] Tourniquet 70 28/42 67 ± 9.2 NA NA 80 Simplex; Stryker 250
Non-tourniquet 70 26/44 67.5 ± 8.3 NA NA
Dincel 2020 [20] Tourniquet 74 15/59 65.34 ± 7.94 32.83 ± 5.80 40/34 NA Hi-Fatigue; Zimmer Biomet 150 + systolic pressure
Non-tourniquet 96 20/76 66.12 ± 8.78 32.72 ± 5.73 55/41
  1. NA not available; BMI body mass index; y year; g gram