Singh JA, Yu S, Chen L, Cleveland JD. Rates of Total Joint Replacement in the United States: Future Projections to 2020–2040 Using the National Inpatient Sample. J Rheumatol. 2019;46(9):1134–40.
Beswick AD, Wylde V, Gooberman-Hill R, Blom A, Dieppe P. What proportion of patients report long-term pain after total hip or knee replacement for osteoarthritis? A systematic review of prospective studies in unselected patients. BMJ Open. 2012;2(1):e000435.
Berger RA, Rubash HE, Seel MJ, Thompson WH, Crossett LS. Determining the rotational alignment of the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty using the epicondylar axis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1993;286:40–7.
Jeffery RS, Morris RW, Denham RA. Coronal alignment after total knee replacement. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1991;73(5):709–14.
Oswald MH, Jakob RP, Schneider E, Hoogewoud HM. Radiological analysis of normal axial alignment of femur and tibia in view of total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 1993;8(4):419–26.
Hvid I, Nielsen S. Total condylar knee arthroplasty. Prosthetic component positioning and radiolucent lines. Acta Orthop Scand. 1984;55(2):160–5.
Longstaff LM, Sloan K, Stamp N, Scaddan M, Beaver R. Good alignment after total knee arthroplasty leads to faster rehabilitation and better function. J Arthroplasty. 2009;24(4):570–8.
Liu HX, Shang P, Ying XZ, Zhang Y. Shorter survival rate in varus-aligned knees after total knee arthroplasty. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24(8):2663–71.
van Hamersveld KT, Marang-van de Mheen PJ, Nelissen RGHH. The Effect of Coronal Alignment on Tibial Component Migration Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Cohort Study with Long-Term Radiostereometric Analysis Results. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019;101(13):1203–12.
Mullaji A, Kanna R, Marawar S, Kohli A, Sharma A. Comparison of limb and component alignment using computer-assisted navigation versus image intensifier-guided conventional total knee arthroplasty: a prospective, randomized, single-surgeon study of 467 knees. J Arthroplasty. 2007;22(7):953–9.
Pang CH, Chan WL, Yen CH, Cheng SC, Woo SB, Choi ST, Hui WK, Mak KH. Comparison of total knee arthroplasty using computer-assisted navigation versus conventional guiding systems: a prospective study. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2009;17(2):170–3.
Jacofsky DJ, Allen M. Robotics in Arthroplasty: A Comprehensive Review. J Arthroplasty. 2016;31(10):2353–63.
Agarwal N, To K, McDonnell S, Khan W. Clinical and Radiological Outcomes in Robotic-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Arthroplasty. 2020;35(11):3393-3409 e3392.
Hao Y, Wu Y, Wang S, Wang C, Qu S, Li L, Yu G, Liu Z, Zhao Z, Fan P, Zhang Z, Shi Y. Quantitative proteomics reveal the protective effects of EDS against osteoarthritis via attenuating inflammation and modulating immune response. J Ethnopharmacol. 2021;271:113780.
Bouche PA, Corsia S, Dechartres A, Resche-Rigon M, Nizard R. Are There Differences in Accuracy or Outcomes Scores Among Navigated, Robotic, Patient-specific Instruments or Standard Cutting Guides in TKA? A Network Meta-analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2020;478(9):2105–16.
Sun H, Li S, Wang K, Wu G, Zhou J, Sun X. Efficacy of Portable Accelerometer-Based Navigation Devices versus Conventional Guides in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Meta-analysis. J Knee Surg. 2020;33(7):691–703.
Ali SF, Gharaibeh MA, Wood JA, Chen DB, MacDessi SJ. No difference in clinical outcomes between portable navigation and conventional instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty: A randomised trial. ANZ J Surg. 2021;91(9):1914–8.
Tsuda K, Shibuya T, Okamoto N, Shiigi E, Shirakawa N, Hosaka K, Akagi R, Ohdera T. Can accuracy with the iASSIST navigation be confirmed by assessment? A multi-center prospective randomized controlled trial with independent three-dimensional image assessment. Knee. 2021;30:344–52.
Minoda Y, Hayakawa K, Hagio K, Konishi N, Tamaki T, Iwakiri K, RCT Group KneeAlign 2 Multicenter. Usefulness of an Accelerometer-Based Portable Navigation System for Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Multicenter Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020;102(22):1993–2000.
Xu X, Liu P, Yuan Z, Wang D, Lu Q, Zhang Z, Jiang Q, Shi D. Comparison of a novel handheld accelerometer-based navigation system and conventional instrument for performing distal femoral resection in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Transl Med. 2019;7(22):659.
Kinney MC, Cidambi KR, Severns DL, Gonzales FB. Comparison of the iAssist Handheld Guidance System to Conventional Instruments for Mechanical Axis Restoration in Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2018;33(1):61–6.
Ikawa T, Takemura S, Kim M, Takaoka K, Minoda Y, Kadoya Y. Usefulness of an accelerometer-based portable navigation system in total knee arthroplasty. Bone Joint J. 2017;99-B(8):1047–52.
Gharaibeh MA, Solayar GN, Harris IA, Chen DB, MacDessi SJ. Accelerometer-Based, Portable Navigation (KneeAlign) vs Conventional Instrumentation for Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Comparative Trial. J Arthroplasty. 2017;32(3):777–82.
Thiengwittayaporn S, Fusakul Y, Kangkano N, Jarupongprapa C, Charoenphandhu N. Hand-held navigation may improve accuracy in minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Int Orthop. 2016;40(1):51–7.
Nam D, Cody EA, Nguyen JT, Figgie MP, Mayman DJ. Extramedullary guides versus portable, accelerometer-based navigation for tibial alignment in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized, controlled trial: winner of the 2013 HAP PAUL award. J Arthroplasty. 2014;29(2):288–94.
ClinicalTrials.gov. National Library of Medicine (U.S.). (2000, February 29 – ). iAssist vs. Conventional Instrumentation in Total Knee Arthroplasty. Identifier NCT03111407. Retrieved July 15, 2022 from: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03111407.
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Prisma Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Med. 2009;6(7):e1000097.
Higgins JP, Altman DG, Gotzsche PC, Juni P, Moher D, Oxman AD, Savovic J, Schulz KF, Weeks L, Sterne JA, Group Cochrane Bias Methods, Group Cochrane Statistical Methods. The Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials. BMJ. 2011;343:d5928.
Petursson G, Fenstad AM, Gothesen O, Dyrhovden GS, Hallan G, Rohrl SM, Aamodt A, Furnes O. Computer-Assisted Compared with Conventional Total Knee Replacement: A Multicenter Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018;100(15):1265–74.
McAuliffe MJ, Beer BR, Hatch JJ, Crawford RW, Cuthbert AR, Donnelly WJ. Impact of Image-Derived Instrumentation on Total Knee Arthroplasty Revision Rates: An Analysis of 83,823 Procedures from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019;101(7):580–8.
Brin YS, Nikolaou VS, Joseph L, Zukor DJ, Antoniou J. Imageless computer assisted versus conventional total knee replacement. A Bayesian meta-analysis of 23 comparative studies. Int Orthop. 2011;35(3):331–9.
Jung KA, Lee SC, Ahn NK, Song MB, Nam CH, Shon OJ. Delayed femoral fracture through a tracker pin site after navigated total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2011;26(3):505 e509-505 e511.
Christen B, Tanner L, Ettinger M, Bonnin MP, Koch PP, Calliess T. Comparative Cost Analysis of Four Different Computer-Assisted Technologies to Implant a Total Knee Arthroplasty over Conventional Instrumentation. J Pers Med. 2022;12(2):184.
Ajwani SH, Jones M, Jarratt JW, Shepard GJ, Ryan WG. Computer assisted versus conventional total knee replacement: a comparison of tourniquet time, blood loss and length of stay. Knee. 2012;19(5):606–10.
Lackey WG, Berend ME. Hand-held navigation in total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012;94(11 Suppl A):151–2.
Hetaimish BM, Khan MM, Simunovic N, Al-Harbi HH, Bhandari M, Zalzal PK. Meta-analysis of navigation vs conventional total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2012;27(6):1177–82.
Shigemura T, Murata Y, Yamamoto Y, Mizuki N, Toki Y, Wada Y. No definite advantage of a portable accelerometer-based navigation system over conventional technique in total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2019;105(4):619–26.
Panjwani TR, Mullaji A, Doshi K, Thakur H. Comparison of Functional Outcomes of Computer-Assisted vs Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of High-Quality. Prospective Studies J Arthroplasty. 2019;34(3):586–93.
Alcelik IA, Blomfield MI, Diana G, Gibbon AJ, Carrington N, Burr S. A Comparison of Short-Term Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Computer-Assisted vs Minimally Invasive Conventional Instrumentation for Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Arthroplasty. 2016;31(2):410–8.
Kawaguchi K, Michishita K, Manabe T, Akasaka Y, Higuchi J. Comparison of an Accelerometer-Based Portable Navigation System, Patient-Specific Instrumentation, and Conventional Instrumentation for Femoral Alignment in Total Knee Arthroplasty. Knee Surg Relat Res. 2017;29(4):269–75.
Ouanezar H, Franck F, Jacquel A, Pibarot V, Wegrzyn J. Does computer-assisted surgery influence survivorship of cementless total knee arthroplasty in patients with primary osteoarthritis? A 10-year follow-up study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016;24(11):3448–56.
Begum FA, Kayani B, Magan AA, Chang JS, Haddad FS. Current concepts in total knee arthroplasty : mechanical, kinematic, anatomical, and functional alignment. Bone Jt Open. 2021;2(6):397–404.